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Open Sesame: Top 5 Things to Look for When Inspecting Your Home's Windows and Doors

Windows and doors are the gateways to your home, providing access, security, and a connection to the world beyond your walls. When inspecting a home, paying close attention to the condition of these entry points is essential. Let's explore the top five things to look for when ensuring your windows and doors are not only aesthetically pleasing but also functional and energy-efficient.

1. Seals and Weather Stripping: The efficiency of your home's heating and cooling systems can be significantly impacted by the condition of window and door seals. Check for any signs of wear, gaps, or cracks in the seals and weather stripping. Properly sealed windows and doors not only enhance energy efficiency but also contribute to a more comfortable indoor environment by preventing drafts. Key Points to Consider:

  • Inspecting for Drafts: On a windy day, feel for drafts around windows and doors. Gaps or worn weather stripping can be sources of air leaks.

  • Visual Inspection: Examine the seals and weather stripping for visible signs of wear or damage. Peeling, cracking, or missing weather stripping should be addressed promptly.

  • Flexibility: Weather stripping should be flexible and pliable. Rigid or brittle material may no longer provide an effective seal.

2. Operation and Security: Windows and doors should open, close, and lock smoothly. Proper operation is not only a matter of convenience but also crucial for your home's security. Key Points to Consider:

  • Smooth Operation: Test the operation of windows and doors. They should open and close easily without sticking or requiring excessive force.

  • Locking Mechanisms: Ensure that locks function correctly. Check for any signs of wear on lock mechanisms, and replace or repair as necessary.

  • Deadbolts and Security Features: Assess the effectiveness of deadbolts and additional security features. A secure entry is essential for the safety of your home and its occupants.

3. Material Condition: The material condition of windows and doors plays a significant role in their durability and longevity. Different materials require varying degrees of maintenance. Key Points to Consider:

  • Wood:

    • Inspect for signs of rot, warping, or insect damage.

    • Look for peeling paint or finish that may indicate the need for maintenance.


  • Metal (Aluminum, Steel):

    • Check for signs of rust or corrosion.

    • Examine the condition of the finish or paint.


  • Vinyl:

    • Assess for cracks, warping, or fading.

    • Ensure that the vinyl is securely attached to the frame.


4. Energy Efficiency: Windows and doors can significantly impact your home's energy efficiency. Energy-efficient features contribute to lower utility bills and a more environmentally friendly home. Key Points to Consider:

  • Double or Triple Glazing: Inspect windows for double or triple glazing, which provides better insulation and soundproofing.

  • Low-E Coating: Low-emissivity coating on windows helps control heat transfer and improves energy efficiency.

  • Energy Star Certification: Look for Energy Star certified windows and doors, indicating compliance with energy efficiency standards.

5. Aesthetic Appeal and Maintenance: While functionality is crucial, the aesthetic appeal of windows and doors contributes to your home's overall curb appeal. Additionally, understanding the maintenance requirements of these elements is essential for long-term satisfaction. Key Points to Consider:

  • Visual Inspection: Assess the overall appearance of windows and doors. Cracked glass, peeling paint, or visible damage should be addressed.

  • Maintenance Requirements: Consider the maintenance needs of different materials. Wood may require more regular maintenance compared to vinyl or aluminum.

When inspecting a home, the windows and doors are not merely aesthetic elements but critical components that impact your comfort, security, and energy efficiency. By focusing on seals, operation, material condition, energy efficiency, and overall aesthetics, you can ensure that your home's portals are not only inviting but also robust and resilient. So, open those doors and windows with confidence, knowing that you've thoroughly examined the key aspects that make your home a sanctuary.


Checking windows and doors during a home inspection and moisture was found indicating a bad seal at window frame.
Moisture between window panes.

Checking windows and doors during a home inspection and moisture was found between double pane glass indicating a bad seal at window frame.




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